The path to the permesso di soggiorno: Our journey so far

5 Sep
5 September 2015 – Thursday we dropped off our applications for our permessi di soggiorni. This is the document that entitles us to stay in Italy – and the Schengen Zone – for more than 90 out of 180 days. I have read over-and-over what a hideous process it is to get to this stage. Frankly, it has been a bit of work, a bit time-consuming, and necessitated a trip home to the U.S., but overall, the bureaucracy has been minimal.
Short version, lessons learned, for those who wish to apply:
  • Your printer will be sucking down ink like the Government Printing Office
  • Buy an extra ream of paper
  • Be prepared to sign a lease and make significant expenditures before you even know if you will be successful
  • Do not give into the first (or second, or third) attempt to dissuade you
  • Have a lot of cash, even more patience, and plenty of TIME

You cannot get a visa without an appointment

To legally enter Italy with the intention to stay more than 90 days in the Schengen Zone, one must have a visa. Application must be made in one’s own country, i.e., we had to go home. I tried every angle I could to see if we could apply here. I tapped friends and friends-of-friends and sources of friends-of-friends at the U.S. Embassy. Italian colleagues hooked me up electronically with their friends at the Italian Embassy in Washington, D.C., but no dice, no shortcuts. We needed to go to the U.S.
On the advice of an immigration attorney, we interpreted the date we exited the Embassy as the start of our 90-day countdown. We figured we had 90 days to enjoy Italy and some post-retirement travel and guests before we were stepping into the realm of illegal immigrants. We targeted August for our visa application.
Visa meme
There are many types of visas: religious purposes, joining a family member, study, and on and on. Our target was an Elective Residence visa, meaning we chose to live in Italy and promised not to work. This necessitated pulling together about a pound of paperwork, but not before we had made an appointment at the Consulate General of Italy in San Francisco. That in itself was a process.
Starting last winter I registered at the C.G. site so I could make an appointment. (You must go to the consulate serving the region of the U.S. in which you are resident. For us, that is Oregon.) Ric had to register too as we both needed appointments. I watched the online appointment system religiously, as they opened appointments out a week or two at a time. May opened up…then a couple of weeks in June. By March, they were getting to appointments at the end of July. July 29 popped up and I said “OK, that’s what we’ll do!” I clicked on all the appropriate radio buttons and selected 29 July 11:45 AM for my appointment. Success! I had a 15-minute appointment! But wait! The day was now shown as “full” with no additional appointments available. Ric needed one too. I was able to get him a placeholder on 22 July, but how inconvenient would it be for us to have appointments a week apart in San Francisco? So I wrote an email to the C.G. Could we come together, please, as a convenience and since “all family members” had to apply separately? Crickets. No response. I sent another email a few days later.  Perhaps my email was not received…I was wondering if we could please come together on the same day? Total silence.
As luck would have it, I was at a meeting of the American Women’s Association of Roma the next evening and joined a conversation where a few women were relating their tales of immigration bureaucracy. I told my tale and a delightful young woman was able to help me. A well-placed communique that she facilitated to the C.G. in San Francisco resulted in a dual appointment as desired. Once again, it’s who you know.
bureaucracy 2
I was also worried about finding the reputedly elusive packets we would need to apply for our Permessi upon our return with visas in hand. The packets are not always available, it seems, and one might need to run around to different post office locations to obtain them. So I started in April. I wanted them in hand before we traveled. Ha! First post office, I took a number for the Sportello Amico and in less than 10 minutes I had two packets! Now I only had to keep track of them until September.

Paperwork jungle

The Consulate General website has a long list of items one needs to prepare for the application. Mostly it seems you need to not be a criminal, have a bunch of money, sign a lease on a place to live, and prove you have healthcare coverage. (Although this latter item is not mentioned on the website, “everyone knows” you have to prove you have private insurance.)
In order to prove our upstanding nature, financial well-being, ability to house ourselves, and that we won’t be a drain on the medical system, it took almost a pound of paper for each of us. I carefully compiled a binder of documents for each of us, tabbed for easy reference. Bank statements for 3 bank accounts, two years of tax returns, letters of reference from bankers and accountants, investment statements, FBI criminal history check, official application, and on and on and on. The C.G. website said to bring originals and a copy, plus have a copy for reentry in Italy, so we each had about 6 pounds of paper flying from FCO to SFO. (Our clever plan was to replace that with new clothes while in the U.S.) This took days to accomplish, spread out over a few months with a concentration of about 30 hours in the last week before we left. We went through more ink than the Corriere dello Sport and at least one tree was killed to supply the paper.
paperwork meme 2
On the 70th day after turning in our diplomatic passports, allowing a little leeway to return and pick up our cats in case we were unsuccessful in getting visas, we flew to the U.S.

At the Consulate General

We had two tasks in San Francisco before we could go to our appointment: get money orders for the visa fees and obtain USPS Express Mail envelopes that were pre-paid and addressed to where the C.G. could send our passports back to us, hopefully with visas inserted.
We filled Ric’s backpack with our 12 pounds of paper and arrived 15 minutes ahead of our appointment time. We stood in line at the service window, entertained by hearing other would-be visa-holders’ conversations with the clerk. Some had interesting tales, others we not well-organized, some had no clue what they needed to do. We were smug in our knowledge of complete preparedness.
When our turn came, the clerk looked at my thick binder and said “Every piece of paper has to fit through this (transaction) window. You’ll have to take everything out. Give me the lease first.” At least I could locate the lease due to my fantastic organization. He scanned the first page of the lease and asked, “Where’s your husband’s name? He needs to be on the lease.” WTF? All this effort, all the travel to be foiled by a technicality? He told us we should go back to Italy and get the lease corrected. I thought he might actually turn us away at that point, close his window and step out for coffee. I pushed back: “We meet all of your requirements. We have all of the documents. We’ve been married for 31 years.” After some discussion, he agreed to ask his boss if she would see us. If!
We were ushered back to a conference table and met with a lovely Italian diplomat who also asked to see the lease first. Same story: Go back to Italy and get it corrected. Ugh! We engaged her in conversation to find out why this was a sticking point. She was worried that the Questura would take exception and she did not want us to have problems when we applied for the Permessi. So we talked some more. Ric offered that we had our marriage license along (in a great set of back-up documents we packed just-in-case). She brightened. “Let me have a copy of that.” We said perhaps we can have the lease altered in Italy before we go to the Questura. That was a hit. (Although at this point we decided not to do so. Our attorney said it should not be necessary, that it is normal for only one spouse to be on the lease.)
So we proceeded through the interview, reviewing each and every item on the list of required documents, the diplomat checking off on each. Frankly, when she saw the financials, she started to move along a little more efficiently. We prepared for this adventure. We have retirement incomes and good resources. We are spending our children’s inheritance.
We continued on, document by document, both my packet and Ric’s. Clean FBI criminal record? Check. “Yes,” I said, “I hope so! I worked for them!” Now she softened even more. Now she saw us as fellow diplomats, a shared experience. “I am sure you will make fine residents of Italy. These should be issued in about three days.” Total time at the Consulate General: 1 hour, 15 minutes. (It was supposed to be a 15-minute appointment.)
Seriously? Three days? The website says 7-15 days. Some sources mentioned 30-45 days! In fact, the visas arrived at their destination 5 days after our appointment!
The copy of all documents the website insisted was required was not. We were told to keep it. So we still had four pounds of paper. We stopped by an Office Depot store and had a copy shredded so we only had to shlep the copies that “might” be needed at our POE. They were not needed, BTW. No one looked at our visas or our paperwork at Fiumicino.

We’re not done yet

You know that saying “But wait! There’s more!” We are onto the next step, a process that we are obligated to initiate within 8 days of arriving in Italy. We landed at FCO August 28 and had to insist we get entry stamps in case it becomes important to establish date-of-entry. (At FCO getting a stamp is rather haphazard in our experience, so if you need one, you have to ask, or you might just get waved through.)
We spent the weekend getting over our trip, saying hello to Roma, and bidding our cat sitters good-bye. Tuesday I spent the entire afternoon preparing our Permesso packets. Yes, packets. An eight-page application, a copy of financials, sources of income, proof of health insurance, and every page of our passports, even the blank ones. Not quite a pound of paper this time. I did some judicious editing. Figured they did not need all of our bank statements.

paperwork mem

Armed with paperwork, Wednesday we set out on our quest to submit our packets. First stop, a Tabaccheria, where we would buy the Marca da Bollo (revenue stamp) required, Euro 16.00 each.  First stop: no they don’t sell them. No. they don’t know where I can find a shop that does. We walk a few blocks to another Tabaccheria. Nope, not here. “Avanti un po’.” We walk a few more streets and score. Back about a kilometer to Poste Italiano and take a number for the Sportello Amico. We did not even have our paperwork out before our number was blinking at the window! This was going to be easy. Ha!
The young man, at a major downtown location, who deals with stranieri all day, was supposed to speak a little English but did not. The first thing he looks at is the application containing the Marco da Bollo. Good. Then he wants the “other” document that contains the fee structure. It is call called a Conti Correnti Postale, a check from the post office that goes to the Questura, transmitting your fee for the Permesso. I needed guidance on this form as there was none in the excruciating instructions in the packet. (The application itself was made easy thanks to an e-book published by fellow blogger Rick Zullo.)  So I asked the clerk, which fee we should pay: 3 months to 1 year, 1-2 years, more than 2 years, or were we exempt for some reason? My impression at the Consulate General was that our Permessi would be for one year and renewable, but here was a form with choices. The clerk said he could not tell me, I had to tell him, and sent us down the street to an organization called 50 e piu’, that would be able to tell us everything. So we trotted down the street a few blocks to this agency (which provides various assistance to people “of a certain age”), where a young woman told us she did not know, we should go to the Questura and ask them. Really? The police station? We know we have to go there for fingerprinting and an interview later in the process, but certainly it should not be necessary to ask which duration was appropriate for our type of visa.
not helpful
So we went home to research a bit more. After perusing a few Italian government websites and applying a small amount of common sense, we decided we would simply check off the box for 3 months to 1 year, pay the Euro 107.50 fee for that (times 2) and basta!

Back into the fray

This time around we had to wait a bit. When our turn at the sportello came, the same young man helped us figure out how to fill out the Conti Correnti Postale then passed us off to an expert for processing the paperwork. Geez Louise! The “expert” was nice enough and knew his job, but he had to cross-reference three different forms with three different numbers for each of us, entering and scanning these items into the computer system of the Polizia di Stato, and extract two more payments from us. In cash. Do not go into this process thinking your debit or credit card will suffice. BRING CASH. Lots of cash. This cash will not be refundable should things not work out.
soldi meme
At one point, he seemed to have completed my packet but handed me a receipt copy of the mailing label for sending the documents to the Questura that bore Ric’s name. I tried to point it out but was waved off. He proceeded with Ric’s packet then could not figure out why he did not have the proper label. Once again I tried to point out the problem but was waved off. He had Ric fill out another label, so now both my packet and Ric’s were labeled with Ric’s name and we feared the numbers would not be right in the system. More discussion. Papers shuffled. Perplexed expression. He opened my sealed application packet and saw the error. Not sure what to do, he simply manually corrected the code number on two documents so the match. The numbers in the computer system and what I have on paper match only because of a hand correction. Not sure that will fly….
Now we have appointments with the Questura for fingerprinting and I suppose some sort of interview, but God knows if this mix-up of coded paperwork at Poste Italiane will plague me. Maybe Ric will get a Permesso and I will be deported.

37 Responses to “The path to the permesso di soggiorno: Our journey so far”

  1. Susanne October 2, 2015 at 14:04 #

    I am an EU member. I wonder if the same would apply to me?


    • gooddayrome October 2, 2015 at 15:13 #

      Hi Susanne. I have no idea, but I thought any EU citizen could move anywhere in the EU. You should contact the Italian Embassy in your country and ask about particulars.


      • mvaden1948 October 2, 2015 at 17:16 #

        You can actually put your country of origin into the box on the website of the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and it will tell you if you need a visa for Italy.
        This will tell you if you need a visa and then you can proceed to the instructions for the specific visa.


    • John July 6, 2017 at 08:31 #

      The EU citizenship basically takes care of the “visa” requirements (IE you have the legal privilege of entering, residing and working in Italy), however, you still need a permesso (or equivalent – it’s actually called a certificate of registration although I’ve forgotten the Italian) to stay… which from what I’ve read is heavily dependent on financial resources.

      There is a good resource here:


  2. dianneza5 September 22, 2015 at 03:58 #

    You are very generous with your time, explanations, and detailed account of your experience. I had no idea! We LOVE Italy and would love to live there. I think I need to print your article and read, and re-read it to get an understanding of the process. Sounds very complicated, time consuming, and frustrating…….but keeping your eye on the prize is what matters the most. Again, thank you.


  3. mvaden1948 September 8, 2015 at 16:36 #

    Just thought I’d let you know that I discovered at a party last evening that my Italian teacher’s husband knows the Italian Consul representative in Bothell, WA! Probably not any real help but Enrico (the teacher’s husband) says I could probably make an appointment with his friend to look over my paperwork first or even discuss the pros and cons of applying here or in San Francisco. My Italian class, including teacher, are all encouraging me to proceed with my dream of living in Venice. I think they are hoping to have someone to visit there.;-)


    • gooddayrome September 8, 2015 at 17:02 #

      You should pursue your dream! That is great news about having a connection. it’s nice just to have someone to check info with. Thinking back to you saying you might have to save more money, ask him! Pensions, Social Security, and any retirement income counts as proof you can support yourself.


      • mvaden1948 September 8, 2015 at 18:07 #

        It would probably be a good idea to have a hefty chunk in savings so when those little things come up….like they will….I’ll have a back up beyond pension etc. And I’m so thankful that I chose the medical insurance option when I retired that pays when “living in or traveling in” a foreign country!
        I found other than paying tourist rent for the months I have stayed in Venice it really wasn’t any more expensive than living in Seattle. Now it the landlord there will just cut me a deal on one of his apartments it would be “perfetto”. If that doesn’t work I’ll be searching the Sabbatical Homes website.
        But need to reduce the debt first. I’ve been living my life for the last 25 years since my husband passed and taking regular vacations from my highly stressful job. Didn’t realize exactly how stressful until I retire. Whew! But now I’m no longer making minimum payments on the credit cards but paying them off and not using them. Living very frugally…especially for me. I no longer push the buy button when I see something I like. I think long and hard and it must answer these questions 1. Do I need it. 2. Will I use it enough in the next three years. 3. Is it worth paying to ship it to Italy. That last one is the real test because I hope not to take much with me. If Italians can live without it so can I.
        I’m just glad I’ve made a good friend of Josefina, my Italian teacher. I’ve been in her class at the local community college for the last two years and will continue with her as long as I’m in the area. Of course she and her husband are planning to visit me in Venice.
        And so I am indeed pursuing my dream.
        Thanks so much for your support and your incredibly helpful posts.


  4. Veronica Molony September 6, 2015 at 19:40 #

    Bureaucracy no matter what country you are in is the same. I would love to see these public officials go out in the real world and try to get employment …you should be commended for your patience. No wonder people let their visa’s expire!


    • gooddayrome September 7, 2015 at 04:26 #

      Ciao V!
      I do have to say in their defense, that the Poste Italiane people we have dealt with are all very nice and try to help, whether we are buying a stamp, mailing a package, or applying for our permessi. Interestingly the woman at the assistance agency (which is a non=profit, non-governmental organization) and the two tobacconists were the least helpful. I also have to give the PI people for putting up with foreigners who mangle their language.

      I suspect it all goes a little more smoothly in Germany or Sweden, though. 😉


  5. Maarja September 6, 2015 at 17:24 #

    I forgot to mention: you better have a good knowledge of the local language, control of yourself and a great sense of humor!


  6. Maarja September 6, 2015 at 17:19 #

    How interesting and familiar; we had two similar stories which happened to us, in France.
    The simplest one was related to the renewal of my French passport I chose to do in France. I had all the necessary documents and then was asked to pay the fee attached to the renewal. I presented my credit card but I needed “fiscal stamps “, so I asked the clerk to sell me some; she could not because they were on sale at another location, the ” tabac”.
    I ran throughout the whole town, about twenty “tobacco establishments” ( Tabacs ) none of them had those stamps…. I had to go to the Impots” the French IRS office, fortunately the clerk asked me what was the purpose of the purchase, because there are several types of ” fiscal stamps”,,,,
    I went back to the original office looking and feeling like I have run a marathon….
    The second experience was when Maarja anyI got married in Paris; we thought it would be so romantic, Paris the city of love: well, we almost got a divorce before getting married and after a while, my sweetheart said to me: ” let’s go to Vegas”….
    It took us a solid week to cross several times a day Paris, right and left in attempting to get the right stamp from the right office, having to even have the signature of the American Embassador certified!
    I will stop here because my blood pressure is going up…
    In conclusion, these types of situations are universally complicated by the respective Administrations.” every country; to survive the experience you REALLY need to be in love with a person or the country you want to be with…..


    • gooddayrome September 7, 2015 at 04:21 #

      Dear JC and Maarja,
      How we laughed at your foibles! (Laughing WITH you, of course.) Yes, so romantic! There have been times in all of this paperwork where it seemed like it would be less trouble to move back to Portland and take 90-day trips to the Schengen or just take our chances! We hardly ever get entry and exit stamps from Italy anyway.

      Pertinent to your other comment, yes a sense of humor and language knowledge are essential. I am FAR from fluent, but so far have had enough ability to get is through this. The people at PI who speak English seem to only know word in English that I already know in Italian. 🙂


  7. Christine September 6, 2015 at 17:19 #

    Thanks, Laurel, for this great information, but especially for making me laugh with your descriptions. I’ve done some research on this topic, including Rick Zullo’s guide, and wasn’t too surprised to hear your tale. Actually, you confirmed something I was wondering about; that is, that married couples must apply separately. That just seems so odd, I wonder how they deal with joint financial information. At any rate, I’ll probably skip all this and go the 90-day limit route. But I think I still need the permesso, no? Thanks again, hope everything works out for you.


    • gooddayrome September 7, 2015 at 04:02 #

      Hi Christine. Appreciate your good wishes. We each just handed over copies of joint financials. Glad we don’t have kids to complicate things!

      Americans do not need a visa more a permesso for visits in the Schengen Zone of 90 days. They can stay 90 out of 180 days. HOWEVER, you have to be registered with the Questura in Italy, even idf you are staying one night. If you stay in a hotel or B&B, that is why they take your passport info. If you stay with friends, for example, I believe you have to register yourself.


      • mvaden1948 September 7, 2015 at 04:25 #

        Evidently my landlord from my rental apartment also does the registration with the police for me because he has always taken my information. In fact last time I had it written out and handed it to him with my payment (up front in cash) for the apartment. I appreciate him dealing with them rather than my taking time out of my vacation.
        I look forward dealing with the bureaucracy…..I guess as an employee of the State of Washington I was one before I retired. How many times have I had to day “I’m just going by the rules”? No need to answer that I lost count years ago.


      • Christine September 7, 2015 at 14:06 #

        Thanks, Laurel. I’m hoping to rent an apartment in the future, possibly for the 89 days. I assume if the apartment manager or owner doesn’t register me, I’ll need to do that myself. Thanks again. Love your posts.


  8. mvaden1948 September 6, 2015 at 04:45 #

    Here is a question for you…thanks for the links by the way….the ones you have are more direct than just starting at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs website.
    It says that I can submit the application in person at the San Francisco Office or at “the appropriate Honorary Consul” and when I clicked that link they have one in Bothell, WA…just a hop, skip and jump north of Seattle….which would save me going to San Francisco. Or would you suggest I just bite the bullet so to speak and make the trip to San Francisco? (I could use those airline miles that I will not be using to go to Hawaii). Would I look more serious about it if I go to San Francisco?
    Thanks for all of your thorough information again….and taking the time to respond to questions. Pet your kitties for me.


    • gooddayrome September 6, 2015 at 05:53 #

      I think you can go to Bothell. I contacted the honorary C.G. in Portland and I cannot remember exactly why I decided not to go there. I think they would not take an appointment very far out or not take an appointment at all, and I think they still have to send everything to S.F. You should contact them and see what the parameters are.


      • mvaden1948 September 6, 2015 at 15:00 #

        Grazie. I will contact them first when I’m ready to apply.


  9. September 6, 2015 at 01:18 #

    Thanks so much for the kind mention…and your feedback, which I’ll use to update my guide. Ciao!


    • gooddayrome September 6, 2015 at 03:59 #

      Rick your guide was invaluable, especially in filling out the bloody form!

      Liked by 1 person

  10. Diana September 5, 2015 at 20:37 #

    I can’t believe all the paperwork and organization you have to do. I think about the people that aren’t as organized as you. Hope you get your cards issued before your two years are up. 🙂


    • gooddayrome September 6, 2015 at 03:58 #

      Ha! I expect we’ll have them by the end of the year. Not a task to be undertaken lightly!


  11. Sharon September 5, 2015 at 20:02 #

    Oh geeze. It is a good thing you are an organizational wizard!


    • gooddayrome September 6, 2015 at 03:57 #

      I did feel rather in my element, organizing, but I have had to draw on patience I didn’t know I had, especially at Poste Italiane when I could see the guy had our paperwork mixed up!


  12. jetjet2 September 5, 2015 at 17:46 #

    This is incredible! And what a description of sequence of events! This should become a document for instructions! Truly unbelievable! I dont remember reading when will you hear back. Wish you all the best. Miss you.

    Sent from my iPhone



    • gooddayrome September 5, 2015 at 17:48 #

      Next step is a police station for fingerprints and interview. It’s not so much hearing back as eventually have a card issued. That will still take months, I believe.


  13. mvaden1948 September 5, 2015 at 17:22 #

    Thank you so much for your detailed story of your adventure. I was hoping to be living in Venice by December 2018 but since their ….I think instead of “sufficient means” it now says “extraordinary means” I’ve put it out a year in order to pad my bank accounts.
    I’ve already had at least one friend who lives in Italy suggesting that I just come for three months at a time. That just won’t do unless they deny my visa. Not for me anyway.
    In the meantime I continue my Italian studies so hope that will help also.
    At least since I’m alone there shouldn’t be any name mix up.
    I’m printing your story and putting it in my “moving to Italy file”.
    Grazie mille,


  14. Marcia Kakiuchi September 5, 2015 at 16:58 #

    I read every word of your journey and geez louise, this is unbelievable. I’m so impressed that you could actually follow all of these some-what instruction and have the patience to do so. Wow.


    • gooddayrome September 5, 2015 at 17:46 #

      We are not done yet. I am sure it won’t be a problem to stay, just more time spent getting it all done. Next challenge is an appointment at the Questura set for a date we are supposed to be out-of-town. Can’t wait to see if we can change that!

      Liked by 1 person


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